Psoriatic Arthritis Treatment In Bangalore FAQ’s
1.What is Arthritis?
The term Arthritis widely means a disease of one or multiple joints of the body, as a product of excessive pain or stiffness in your body parts. To understand deeper, the disease is caused by certain degenerative changes taking place within the joints, resulting in further inflammation and movement disorder. The most common forms of arthritis could be osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis. Apart from these, there could be few other variants namely gout, lupus, juvenile arthritis, and so on.
2.What causes arthritis?
There is no one single cause of all types of arthritis. The cause(s) may vary according to the specific form of arthritis. For instance, osteoarthritis (OA) is known to be caused by the wear and tear of the cartilage tissue which acts a cushion for the joint and prevents friction between bones, enabling a smoother motion of the body parts. So, if there is reduction in the amount of cartilage, the bones will rub onto each other and cause pain and swelling. Therefore, there can be varying underlying causes for various forms of arthritis. Overall, arthritis can develop due to injury and infections, abnormal metabolism, genetic inheritance, and immune system dysfunction.
3.What are the signs and symptoms of arthritis?
The most common indicators of arthritis include joint pain, stiffness and swelling. You may have difficulty in moving your joints, which restricts your body movements, and some sort of redness or warmth around the joint as well. In the case of RA, many people with arthritis may face acute throbbing pain in joints, swelling, stiffness, one of more joints getting affected, and even multiple organs getting attacked. Likewise, in case of OA, people might encounter joint pain, stiffness, tenderness, bone grating, and so on. Hence, there are distinct signs and symptoms of different kinds of arthritis, but one thing which is common to all is they all cause pain, sometimes deformity as well.
4.How to prevent arthritis?
It is true that arthritis can be painful and grow worser as you grow older. But it largely depends on how you manage your day-to-day life to stay fit and healthy in the long run. However, there are certain factors which might be beyond your control like age (older people are more prone), sex (women are mostly affected), and family inheritance which can also cause arthritis in most of the cases.
Below are some recommendations to help you prevent chronic arthritis:
Be physically active: Being involved in certain kind of physical activity can help improve your body functions, physical well-being, and the overall quality of life. One of the best ways is to exercise This may include bicycling, walking, swimming, or as something as simple as mopping the floor. This will ensure that your joints and muscles have the required strength to live a fuller life.
Maintain a healthy weight: Gaining extra pounds will just add pressure onto your hips and knees. Make sure to maintain a healthy weight will reduce the pain and pressure on various joints. This can be achieved through proper diet and exercise on a regular basis.
Consult a doctor: It is of utmost importance that you visit an orthopaedist to reduce the pain and prevent the disease from getting worser. He might suggest some necessary treatments and lifestyle changes which are required in order to slow down spread of arthritis.
Avoid heavy lift: As you grow older, your joints may experience wear and tear, so you need to be extra cautious. Avoid accidents, carrying heavy lifts, or strenuous physical activities. For safety reasons, know the correct techniques before engaging in an activity.
Beware of diabetes: Studies show that people with high blood sugar (diabetes) have higher risks of getting affected by arthritis than any other group of people. Diabetes may simply cause inflammation and cause various bone and joint disorders. Hence, make sure you have a good diet and some exercise regularly.
5.How is arthritis diagnosed?
The first and foremost step should be to consult a doctor (such as orthopaedist or rheumatologist) if you witness any form of swelling, stiffness, or acute pain around one or more joints of the body. For the diagnosis, the doctor will conduct a physical exam, and conduct blood tests and X-Ray tests. In addition, the doctor might conduct few other tests to detect the problems in your joints causing those symptoms such as X-Ray, CT Scan, MRI Scan and Ultrasound. Once the tests are over, the doctor is able to identify the kind of joint disorder according to the reports, and suggests the necessary treatment options (including therapy and surgery) to the patient.
6.Does being overweight affect arthritis?
Being overweight or obese does not do any good to the body. Gaining more weight just adds more stress and pressure onto your joints, mainly hips and knees. Doctors believe, even reducing even 10 pounds can have positive impact on joint pain and further prevent any form of arthritis whatsoever. Women with obesity have been shown to be more vulnerable to knee OA in contrast to those with non-obesity; and obese men have it even worse. Obesity simply accelerates the spread of arthritis, and all you need is some tiny changes in your daily routine including healthier diet, exercise, and lots of motivation!
7.Do children have the risk of getting affected by arthritis?
Yes, children are equally susceptible to arthritis as elders. The kind of arthritis children encounter is called Childhood Arthritis or Juvenile Arthritis. The most common form is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as rheumatoid arthritis. The child may face symptoms of limping, joint pain and stiffness, swelling, fever, eye inflammation or redness, difficulty in movement, etc. One of the notable pointers is that JIA is an autoimmune disease, means the immune system, instead of protecting, attacks the body itself. Though JIA has no cure, however the disease can be controlled through anti-inflammatory drugs to ease the symptoms and prevent further damage to joints.
8.Should I exercise if I have arthritis?
Exercise is one of the vital measures to avoid arthritis in the long run. It can enhance the strength and flexibility of your muscles and joints, reducing the pain in the longer run. Regular exercise will boost the circulation of synovial fluid, which creates greater lubrication in joints and the areas surrounding it. Once your shred weight, there is considerable amount of pain reduction which is a bonus for your joints.